# Changes between Version 3 and Version 4 of TracFineGrainedPermissions

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Timestamp:
01/14/19 00:01:55 (2 years ago)
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 v3 = Fine grained permissions = [[PageOutline(2-5, Contents, floated)]] = Fine grained permissions = Before Trac 0.11, it was only possible to define fine-grained permissions checks on the repository browser sub-system. Since 0.11, there's a general mechanism in place that allows custom **permission policy plugins** to grant or deny any action on any kind of Trac resources, even at the level of specific versions of such resources. Note that for Trac 0.12, authz_policy has been integrated as an optional module (in tracopt.perm.authz_policy.*), so it's installed by default and can simply be activated via the //Plugins// panel in the Trac administration module. [[TracGuideToc]] There is a general mechanism in place that allows custom **permission policy plugins** to grant or deny any action on any kind of Trac resource, even at the level of specific versions of such resources. That mechanism is authz_policy, which is an optional module in tracopt.perm.authz_policy.*, so it is installed by default. It can be activated via the //Plugins// panel in the Trac administration module. == Permission Policies == A great diversity of permission policies can be implemented, and Trac comes with a few examples. A great diversity of permission policies can be implemented and Trac comes with a few examples. Which policies are currently active is determined by a configuration setting in TracIni: e.g. {{{ {{{#!ini [trac] permission_policies = AuthzSourcePolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy This lists the [#AuthzSourcePolicy] described below as the first policy, followed by the !DefaultPermissionPolicy which checks for the traditional coarse grained style permissions described in TracPermissions, and the !LegacyAttachmentPolicy which knows how to use the coarse grained permissions for checking the permissions available on attachments. Among the possible optional choices, there is [#AuthzPolicy], a very generic permission policy, based on an Authz-style system. See [trac:source:branches/0.12-stable/tracopt/perm/authz_policy.py authz_policy.py] for details. Among the optional choices, there is [#AuthzPolicy], a very generic permission policy, based on an Authz-style system. See [trac:source:branches/1.0-stable/tracopt/perm/authz_policy.py authz_policy.py] for details. Another popular permission policy [#AuthzSourcePolicy], re-implements the pre-0.12 support for checking fine-grained permissions limited to Subversion repositories in terms of the new system. See also [trac:source:branches/0.12-stable/sample-plugins/permissions sample-plugins/permissions] for more examples. See also [trac:source:branches/1.0-stable/sample-plugins/permissions sample-plugins/permissions] for more examples. === !AuthzPolicy === ==== Configuration ==== * Install [http://www.voidspace.org.uk/python/configobj.html ConfigObj] (still needed for 0.12). * Copy authz_policy.py into your plugins directory (only for Trac 0.11). * Install [http://www.voidspace.org.uk/python/configobj.html ConfigObj]. * Put a [http://swapoff.org/files/authzpolicy.conf authzpolicy.conf] file somewhere, preferably on a secured location on the server, not readable for others than the webuser. If the  file contains non-ASCII characters, the UTF-8 encoding should be used. * Update your trac.ini: 1. modify the [TracIni#trac-section permission_policies] entry in the [trac] section {{{ 1. modify the [TracIni#trac-section permission_policies] entry in the [trac] section: {{{#!ini [trac] ... permission_policies = AuthzPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy }}} 1. add a new [authz_policy] section {{{ 1. add a new [authz_policy] section: {{{#!ini [authz_policy] authz_file = /some/trac/env/conf/authzpolicy.conf }}} 1. enable the plugin through [/admin/general/plugin WebAdmin] or by editing the [components] section {{{ 1. enable the plugin through [/admin/general/plugin WebAdmin] or by editing the [components] section: {{{#!ini [components] ... # Trac 0.12 tracopt.perm.authz_policy.* = enabled # for Trac 0.11 use this #authz_policy.* = enabled }}} }}} ==== Usage Notes ==== Note that the order in which permission policies are specified is quite critical, as policies will be examined in the sequence provided. Note the order in which permission policies are specified: policies are implemented in the sequence provided and therefore may override earlier policy specifications. A policy will return either True, False or None for a given permission check. True is returned if the policy explicitly grants the permission. False is returned if the policy explicitly denies the permission. None is returned if the policy is unable to either grant or deny the permission. NOTE: Only if the return value is None will the ''next'' permission policy be consulted. If none of the policies explicitly grants the permission, the final result will be False (i.e. permission denied). NOTE: Only if the return value is None will the ''next'' permission policy be consulted. If none of the policies explicitly grants the permission, the final result will be False, i.e. permission denied. The authzpolicy.conf file is a .ini style configuration file: {{{ {{{#!ini [wiki:PrivatePage@*] john = WIKI_VIEW, !WIKI_MODIFY * = }}} * Each section of the config is a glob pattern used to match against a Trac resource descriptor. These descriptors are in the form: * Each section of the config is a glob pattern used to match against a Trac resource descriptor. These descriptors are in the form: {{{ :@[/:@ ...] }}} Resources are ordered left to right, from parent to child. If any component is inapplicable, * is substituted. If the version pattern is not specified explicitely, all versions (@*) is added implicitly Example: Match the WikiStart page {{{ Resources are ordered left to right, from parent to child. If any component is inapplicable, * is substituted. If the version pattern is not specified explicitly, all versions (@*) is added implicitly. Example: Match the WikiStart page: {{{#!ini [wiki:*] [wiki:WikiStart*] }}} Example: Match the attachment wiki:WikiStart@117/attachment/FOO.JPG@* on WikiStart {{{ Example: Match the attachment wiki:WikiStart@117/attachment:FOO.JPG@* on WikiStart: {{{#!ini [wiki:*] [wiki:WikiStart*] [wiki:WikiStart@*] [wiki:WikiStart@*/attachment/*] [wiki:WikiStart@117/attachment/FOO.JPG] }}} * Sections are checked against the current Trac resource descriptor '''IN ORDER''' of appearance in the configuration file. '''ORDER IS CRITICAL'''. * Once a section matches, the current username is matched against the keys (usernames) of the section, '''IN ORDER'''. [wiki:WikiStart@*/attachment:*] [wiki:WikiStart@117/attachment:FOO.JPG] }}} * Sections are checked against the current Trac resource descriptor '''IN ORDER''' of appearance in the configuration file. '''ORDER IS CRITICAL'''. * Once a section matches, the current username is matched against the keys (usernames) of the section, '''IN ORDER'''. * If a key (username) is prefixed with a @, it is treated as a group. * If a value (permission) is prefixed with a !, the permission is denied rather than granted. The username will match any of 'anonymous', 'authenticated', or '*', using normal Trac permission rules. || '''Note:''' Other groups which are created by user (e.g. by 'adding subjects to groups' on web interface page //Admin / Permissions//) cannot be used. See [trac:ticket:5648 #5648] for details about this missing feature || * If a value (permission) is prefixed with a !, the permission is denied rather than granted. The username will match any of 'anonymous', 'authenticated', or '*', using normal Trac permission rules. || '''Note:''' Other groups which are created by user (e.g. by 'adding subjects to groups' on web interface page //Admin / Permissions//) cannot be used. See [trac:ticket:5648 #5648] for details about this missing feature. || For example, if the authz_file contains: {{{ {{{#!ini [wiki:WikiStart@*] * = WIKI_VIEW Then: * All versions of WikiStart will be viewable by everybody (including anonymous) * All versions of WikiStart will be viewable by everybody, including anonymous * !PrivatePage will be viewable only by john * other pages will be viewable only by john and jack Groups: {{{ {{{#!ini [groups] admins = john, jack Some repository examples (Browse Source specific): {{{ {{{#!ini # A single repository: [repository:test_repo@*] john = BROWSER_VIEW, FILE_VIEW # John has BROWSER_VIEW and FILE_VIEW for the entire test_repo # The default repository (requires Trac 1.0.2 or later): [repository:@*] john = BROWSER_VIEW, FILE_VIEW # John has BROWSER_VIEW and FILE_VIEW for the entire default repository # All repositories: [repository:*@*] jack = BROWSER_VIEW, FILE_VIEW # John has BROWSER_VIEW and FILE_VIEW for all repositories }}} Very fine grain repository access: {{{ # Jack has BROWSER_VIEW and FILE_VIEW for all repositories }}} Very granular repository access: {{{#!ini # John has BROWSER_VIEW and FILE_VIEW access to trunk/src/some/location/ only [repository:test_repo@*/source:trunk/src/some/location/*@*] john = BROWSER_VIEW, FILE_VIEW # John has BROWSER_VIEW and FILE_VIEW access to only revision 1 of all files at trunk/src/some/location only [repository:test_repo@*/source:trunk/src/some/location/*@1] john = BROWSER_VIEW, FILE_VIEW # John has BROWSER_VIEW and FILE_VIEW access to all revisions of 'somefile' at trunk/src/some/location only [repository:test_repo@*/source:trunk/src/some/location/somefile@*] john = BROWSER_VIEW, FILE_VIEW # John has BROWSER_VIEW and FILE_VIEW access to only revision 1 of 'somefile' at trunk/src/some/location only [repository:test_repo@*/source:trunk/src/some/location/somefile@1] Note: In order for Timeline to work/visible for John, we must add CHANGESET_VIEW to the above permission list. ==== Missing Features ==== Although possible with the !DefaultPermissionPolicy handling (see Admin panel), fine-grained permissions still miss those grouping features (see [trac:ticket:9573 #9573], [trac:ticket:5648 #5648]). Patches are partially available, see forgotten authz_policy.2.patch  part of [trac:ticket:6680 #6680]). Although possible with the !DefaultPermissionPolicy handling (see Admin panel), fine-grained permissions still miss those grouping features (see [trac:ticket:9573 #9573], [trac:ticket:5648 #5648]). Patches are partially available, see authz_policy.2.patch, part of [trac:ticket:6680 #6680]. You cannot do the following: {{{ {{{#!ini [groups] team1 = a, b, c }}} Permission groups are not supported either. You cannot do the following: {{{ Permission groups are not supported either, so you cannot do the following: {{{#!ini [groups] permission_level_1 = WIKI_VIEW, TICKET_VIEW === !AuthzSourcePolicy  (mod_authz_svn-like permission policy) === #AuthzSourcePolicy At the time of this writing, the old fine grained permissions system from Trac 0.11 and before used for restricting access to the repository has  been converted to a permission policy component, but from the user point of view, this makes little if no difference. That kind of fine-grained permission control needs a definition file, which is the one used by Subversion's mod_authz_svn. More information about this file format and about its usage in Subversion is available in the  [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/en/1.5/svn.serverconfig.pathbasedauthz.html Path-Based Authorization] section in the Server Configuration chapter of the svn book. At the time of this writing, the old granular permissions system from Trac 0.11 and before used for restricting access to the repository has been converted to a permission policy component. But from the user's point of view, this makes little if any difference. That kind of granular permission control needs a definition file, which is the one used by Subversion's mod_authz_svn. More information about this file format and about its usage in Subversion is available in the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/en/1.5/svn.serverconfig.pathbasedauthz.html Path-Based Authorization] section in the Server Configuration chapter of the svn book. Example: {{{ {{{#!ini [/] * = r ==== Trac Configuration ==== To activate fine grained permissions you __must__ specify the {{{authz_file}}} option in the {{{[trac]}}} section of trac.ini. If this option is set to null or not specified the permissions will not be used. {{{ To activate granular permissions you __must__ specify the {{{authz_file}}} option in the {{{[trac]}}} section of trac.ini. If this option is set to null or not specified, the permissions will not be used. {{{#!ini [trac] authz_file = /path/to/svnaccessfile }}} If you want to support the use of the [''modulename'':/''some''/''path''] syntax within the authz_file, add {{{ If you want to support the use of the [''modulename'':/''some''/''path''] syntax within the authz_file, add: {{{#!ini authz_module_name = modulename }}} where ''modulename'' refers to the same repository indicated by the repository_dir entry in the [trac] section. As an example, if the repository_dir entry in the [trac] section is {{{/srv/active/svn/blahblah}}}, that would yield the following: {{{ where ''modulename'' refers to the same repository indicated by the repository_dir entry in the [trac] section. As an example, if the repository_dir entry in the [trac] section is {{{/srv/active/svn/somemodule}}}, that would yield the following: {{{ #!ini [trac] authz_file = /path/to/svnaccessfile authz_module_name = blahblah authz_module_name = somemodule ... repository_dir = /srv/active/svn/blahblah }}} where the svn access file, {{{/path/to/svnaccessfile}}}, contains entries such as {{{[blahblah:/some/path]}}}. repository_dir = /srv/active/svn/somemodule }}} where the svn access file, {{{/path/to/svnaccessfile}}}, contains entries such as {{{[somemodule:/some/path]}}}. '''Note:''' Usernames inside the Authz file __must__ be the same as those used inside trac. As of version 0.12, make sure you have ''!AuthzSourcePolicy'' included in the permission_policies list in trac.ini, otherwise the authz permissions file will be ignored. {{{ {{{#!ini [trac] permission_policies = AuthzSourcePolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy The same access file is typically applied to the corresponding Subversion repository using an Apache directive like this: {{{ {{{#!apache DAV svn }}} For information about how to restrict access to entire projects in a multiple project environment see [trac:wiki:TracMultipleProjectsSVNAccess] For information about how to restrict access to entire projects in a multiple project environment see [trac:wiki:TracMultipleProjectsSVNAccess]. == Debugging permissions In trac.ini set: {{{ {{{#!ini [logging] log_file = trac.log }}} And watch: {{{ Display the trac.log to understand what checks are being performed: {{{#!sh tail -n 0 -f log/trac.log | egrep '$perm$|$authz_policy$' }}} to understand what checks are being performed. See the sourced documentation of the plugin for more info. See the sourced documentation of the plugin for more info. ----