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source: trunk/sources/HeuristicLab.Problems.TravelingSalesman/3.3/TravelingSalesmanProblem.cs @ 5287

Last change on this file since 5287 was 5287, checked in by abeham, 13 years ago

#1337

  • Renamed VS2008ImageLibrary resource to VSImageLibrary
  • Added Filter icon to the VS2010ImageLibrary folder and the resource manager
File size: 21.4 KB
Line 
1#region License Information
2/* HeuristicLab
3 * Copyright (C) 2002-2010 Heuristic and Evolutionary Algorithms Laboratory (HEAL)
4 *
5 * This file is part of HeuristicLab.
6 *
7 * HeuristicLab is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
8 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
9 * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
10 * (at your option) any later version.
11 *
12 * HeuristicLab is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
13 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
14 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
15 * GNU General Public License for more details.
16 *
17 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
18 * along with HeuristicLab. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
19 */
20#endregion
21
22using System;
23using System.Collections.Generic;
24using System.Drawing;
25using System.IO;
26using System.Linq;
27using HeuristicLab.Common;
28using HeuristicLab.Core;
29using HeuristicLab.Data;
30using HeuristicLab.Encodings.PermutationEncoding;
31using HeuristicLab.Optimization;
32using HeuristicLab.Parameters;
33using HeuristicLab.Persistence.Default.CompositeSerializers.Storable;
34using HeuristicLab.PluginInfrastructure;
35
36namespace HeuristicLab.Problems.TravelingSalesman {
37  [Item("Traveling Salesman Problem", "Represents a symmetric Traveling Salesman Problem.")]
38  [Creatable("Problems")]
39  [StorableClass]
40  public sealed class TravelingSalesmanProblem : ParameterizedNamedItem, ISingleObjectiveProblem, IStorableContent {
41    public string Filename { get; set; }
42
43    public override Image ItemImage {
44      get { return HeuristicLab.Common.Resources.VSImageLibrary.Type; }
45    }
46
47    #region Parameter Properties
48    public ValueParameter<BoolValue> MaximizationParameter {
49      get { return (ValueParameter<BoolValue>)Parameters["Maximization"]; }
50    }
51    IParameter ISingleObjectiveProblem.MaximizationParameter {
52      get { return MaximizationParameter; }
53    }
54    public ValueParameter<DoubleMatrix> CoordinatesParameter {
55      get { return (ValueParameter<DoubleMatrix>)Parameters["Coordinates"]; }
56    }
57    public OptionalValueParameter<DistanceMatrix> DistanceMatrixParameter {
58      get { return (OptionalValueParameter<DistanceMatrix>)Parameters["DistanceMatrix"]; }
59    }
60    public ValueParameter<BoolValue> UseDistanceMatrixParameter {
61      get { return (ValueParameter<BoolValue>)Parameters["UseDistanceMatrix"]; }
62    }
63    public ValueParameter<IPermutationCreator> SolutionCreatorParameter {
64      get { return (ValueParameter<IPermutationCreator>)Parameters["SolutionCreator"]; }
65    }
66    IParameter IProblem.SolutionCreatorParameter {
67      get { return SolutionCreatorParameter; }
68    }
69    public ValueParameter<ITSPEvaluator> EvaluatorParameter {
70      get { return (ValueParameter<ITSPEvaluator>)Parameters["Evaluator"]; }
71    }
72    IParameter IProblem.EvaluatorParameter {
73      get { return EvaluatorParameter; }
74    }
75    public OptionalValueParameter<DoubleValue> BestKnownQualityParameter {
76      get { return (OptionalValueParameter<DoubleValue>)Parameters["BestKnownQuality"]; }
77    }
78    IParameter ISingleObjectiveProblem.BestKnownQualityParameter {
79      get { return BestKnownQualityParameter; }
80    }
81    public OptionalValueParameter<Permutation> BestKnownSolutionParameter {
82      get { return (OptionalValueParameter<Permutation>)Parameters["BestKnownSolution"]; }
83    }
84    #endregion
85
86    #region Properties
87    public DoubleMatrix Coordinates {
88      get { return CoordinatesParameter.Value; }
89      set { CoordinatesParameter.Value = value; }
90    }
91    public DistanceMatrix DistanceMatrix {
92      get { return DistanceMatrixParameter.Value; }
93      set { DistanceMatrixParameter.Value = value; }
94    }
95    public BoolValue UseDistanceMatrix {
96      get { return UseDistanceMatrixParameter.Value; }
97      set { UseDistanceMatrixParameter.Value = value; }
98    }
99    public IPermutationCreator SolutionCreator {
100      get { return SolutionCreatorParameter.Value; }
101      set { SolutionCreatorParameter.Value = value; }
102    }
103    ISolutionCreator IProblem.SolutionCreator {
104      get { return SolutionCreatorParameter.Value; }
105    }
106    public ITSPEvaluator Evaluator {
107      get { return EvaluatorParameter.Value; }
108      set { EvaluatorParameter.Value = value; }
109    }
110    ISingleObjectiveEvaluator ISingleObjectiveProblem.Evaluator {
111      get { return EvaluatorParameter.Value; }
112    }
113    IEvaluator IProblem.Evaluator {
114      get { return EvaluatorParameter.Value; }
115    }
116    public DoubleValue BestKnownQuality {
117      get { return BestKnownQualityParameter.Value; }
118      set { BestKnownQualityParameter.Value = value; }
119    }
120    public Permutation BestKnownSolution {
121      get { return BestKnownSolutionParameter.Value; }
122      set { BestKnownSolutionParameter.Value = value; }
123    }
124    public IEnumerable<IOperator> Operators {
125      get { return operators; }
126    }
127    private BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer {
128      get { return operators.OfType<BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer>().FirstOrDefault(); }
129    }
130    private TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer {
131      get { return operators.OfType<TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer>().FirstOrDefault(); }
132    }
133    private TSPPopulationDiversityAnalyzer TSPPopulationDiversityAnalyzer {
134      get { return operators.OfType<TSPPopulationDiversityAnalyzer>().FirstOrDefault(); }
135    }
136    #endregion
137
138    [Storable]
139    private List<IOperator> operators;
140
141    [StorableConstructor]
142    private TravelingSalesmanProblem(bool deserializing) : base(deserializing) { }
143    private TravelingSalesmanProblem(TravelingSalesmanProblem original, Cloner cloner)
144      : base(original, cloner) {
145      this.operators = original.operators.Select(x => (IOperator)cloner.Clone(x)).ToList();
146      AttachEventHandlers();
147    }
148    public override IDeepCloneable Clone(Cloner cloner) {
149      return new TravelingSalesmanProblem(this, cloner);
150    }
151    public TravelingSalesmanProblem()
152      : base() {
153      RandomPermutationCreator creator = new RandomPermutationCreator();
154      TSPRoundedEuclideanPathEvaluator evaluator = new TSPRoundedEuclideanPathEvaluator();
155
156      Parameters.Add(new ValueParameter<BoolValue>("Maximization", "Set to false as the Traveling Salesman Problem is a minimization problem.", new BoolValue(false)));
157      Parameters.Add(new ValueParameter<DoubleMatrix>("Coordinates", "The x- and y-Coordinates of the cities."));
158      Parameters.Add(new OptionalValueParameter<DistanceMatrix>("DistanceMatrix", "The matrix which contains the distances between the cities."));
159      Parameters.Add(new ValueParameter<BoolValue>("UseDistanceMatrix", "True if a distance matrix should be calculated and used for evaluation, otherwise false.", new BoolValue(true)));
160      Parameters.Add(new ValueParameter<IPermutationCreator>("SolutionCreator", "The operator which should be used to create new TSP solutions.", creator));
161      Parameters.Add(new ValueParameter<ITSPEvaluator>("Evaluator", "The operator which should be used to evaluate TSP solutions.", evaluator));
162      Parameters.Add(new OptionalValueParameter<DoubleValue>("BestKnownQuality", "The quality of the best known solution of this TSP instance."));
163      Parameters.Add(new OptionalValueParameter<Permutation>("BestKnownSolution", "The best known solution of this TSP instance."));
164
165      DistanceMatrixParameter.ReactOnValueToStringChangedAndValueItemImageChanged = false;
166
167      Coordinates = new DoubleMatrix(new double[,] {
168        { 100, 100 }, { 100, 200 }, { 100, 300 }, { 100, 400 },
169        { 200, 100 }, { 200, 200 }, { 200, 300 }, { 200, 400 },
170        { 300, 100 }, { 300, 200 }, { 300, 300 }, { 300, 400 },
171        { 400, 100 }, { 400, 200 }, { 400, 300 }, { 400, 400 }
172      });
173
174      creator.PermutationParameter.ActualName = "TSPTour";
175      evaluator.QualityParameter.ActualName = "TSPTourLength";
176      ParameterizeSolutionCreator();
177      ParameterizeEvaluator();
178
179      InitializeOperators();
180      AttachEventHandlers();
181    }
182
183    #region Events
184    public event EventHandler SolutionCreatorChanged;
185    private void OnSolutionCreatorChanged() {
186      EventHandler handler = SolutionCreatorChanged;
187      if (handler != null) handler(this, EventArgs.Empty);
188    }
189    public event EventHandler EvaluatorChanged;
190    private void OnEvaluatorChanged() {
191      EventHandler handler = EvaluatorChanged;
192      if (handler != null) handler(this, EventArgs.Empty);
193    }
194    public event EventHandler OperatorsChanged;
195    private void OnOperatorsChanged() {
196      EventHandler handler = OperatorsChanged;
197      if (handler != null) handler(this, EventArgs.Empty);
198    }
199    public event EventHandler Reset;
200    private void OnReset() {
201      EventHandler handler = Reset;
202      if (handler != null) handler(this, EventArgs.Empty);
203    }
204
205    private void CoordinatesParameter_ValueChanged(object sender, EventArgs e) {
206      Coordinates.ItemChanged += new EventHandler<EventArgs<int, int>>(Coordinates_ItemChanged);
207      Coordinates.Reset += new EventHandler(Coordinates_Reset);
208      ParameterizeSolutionCreator();
209      ClearDistanceMatrix();
210    }
211    private void Coordinates_ItemChanged(object sender, EventArgs<int, int> e) {
212      ClearDistanceMatrix();
213    }
214    private void Coordinates_Reset(object sender, EventArgs e) {
215      ParameterizeSolutionCreator();
216      ClearDistanceMatrix();
217    }
218    private void SolutionCreatorParameter_ValueChanged(object sender, EventArgs e) {
219      SolutionCreator.PermutationParameter.ActualNameChanged += new EventHandler(SolutionCreator_PermutationParameter_ActualNameChanged);
220      ParameterizeSolutionCreator();
221      ParameterizeEvaluator();
222      ParameterizeAnalyzers();
223      ParameterizeOperators();
224      OnSolutionCreatorChanged();
225    }
226    private void SolutionCreator_PermutationParameter_ActualNameChanged(object sender, EventArgs e) {
227      ParameterizeEvaluator();
228      ParameterizeAnalyzers();
229      ParameterizeOperators();
230    }
231    private void EvaluatorParameter_ValueChanged(object sender, EventArgs e) {
232      Evaluator.QualityParameter.ActualNameChanged += new EventHandler(Evaluator_QualityParameter_ActualNameChanged);
233      ParameterizeEvaluator();
234      UpdateMoveEvaluators();
235      ParameterizeAnalyzers();
236      ClearDistanceMatrix();
237      OnEvaluatorChanged();
238    }
239    private void Evaluator_QualityParameter_ActualNameChanged(object sender, EventArgs e) {
240      ParameterizeAnalyzers();
241    }
242    private void MoveGenerator_InversionMoveParameter_ActualNameChanged(object sender, EventArgs e) {
243      string name = ((ILookupParameter<InversionMove>)sender).ActualName;
244      foreach (IPermutationInversionMoveOperator op in Operators.OfType<IPermutationInversionMoveOperator>()) {
245        op.InversionMoveParameter.ActualName = name;
246      }
247    }
248    private void MoveGenerator_TranslocationMoveParameter_ActualNameChanged(object sender, EventArgs e) {
249      string name = ((ILookupParameter<TranslocationMove>)sender).ActualName;
250      foreach (IPermutationTranslocationMoveOperator op in Operators.OfType<IPermutationTranslocationMoveOperator>()) {
251        op.TranslocationMoveParameter.ActualName = name;
252      }
253    }
254    #endregion
255
256    #region Helpers
257    [StorableHook(HookType.AfterDeserialization)]
258    private void AfterDeserialization() {
259      // BackwardsCompatibility3.3
260      #region Backwards compatible code (remove with 3.4)
261      OptionalValueParameter<DoubleMatrix> oldDistanceMatrixParameter = Parameters["DistanceMatrix"] as OptionalValueParameter<DoubleMatrix>;
262      if (oldDistanceMatrixParameter != null) {
263        Parameters.Remove(oldDistanceMatrixParameter);
264        Parameters.Add(new OptionalValueParameter<DistanceMatrix>("DistanceMatrix", "The matrix which contains the distances between the cities."));
265        DistanceMatrixParameter.GetsCollected = oldDistanceMatrixParameter.GetsCollected;
266        DistanceMatrixParameter.ReactOnValueToStringChangedAndValueItemImageChanged = false;
267        if (oldDistanceMatrixParameter.Value != null) {
268          DoubleMatrix oldDM = oldDistanceMatrixParameter.Value;
269          DistanceMatrix newDM = new DistanceMatrix(oldDM.Rows, oldDM.Columns, oldDM.ColumnNames, oldDM.RowNames);
270          newDM.SortableView = oldDM.SortableView;
271          for (int i = 0; i < newDM.Rows; i++)
272            for (int j = 0; j < newDM.Columns; j++)
273              newDM[i, j] = oldDM[i, j];
274          DistanceMatrixParameter.Value = (DistanceMatrix)newDM.AsReadOnly();
275        }
276      }
277
278      if (operators == null) InitializeOperators();
279      #endregion
280      AttachEventHandlers();
281    }
282
283    private void AttachEventHandlers() {
284      CoordinatesParameter.ValueChanged += new EventHandler(CoordinatesParameter_ValueChanged);
285      Coordinates.ItemChanged += new EventHandler<EventArgs<int, int>>(Coordinates_ItemChanged);
286      Coordinates.Reset += new EventHandler(Coordinates_Reset);
287      SolutionCreatorParameter.ValueChanged += new EventHandler(SolutionCreatorParameter_ValueChanged);
288      SolutionCreator.PermutationParameter.ActualNameChanged += new EventHandler(SolutionCreator_PermutationParameter_ActualNameChanged);
289      EvaluatorParameter.ValueChanged += new EventHandler(EvaluatorParameter_ValueChanged);
290      Evaluator.QualityParameter.ActualNameChanged += new EventHandler(Evaluator_QualityParameter_ActualNameChanged);
291    }
292
293    private void InitializeOperators() {
294      operators = new List<IOperator>();
295      operators.Add(new BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer());
296      operators.Add(new TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer());
297      operators.Add(new TSPPopulationDiversityAnalyzer());
298      ParameterizeAnalyzers();
299      operators.AddRange(ApplicationManager.Manager.GetInstances<IPermutationOperator>().Cast<IOperator>());
300      ParameterizeOperators();
301      UpdateMoveEvaluators();
302      InitializeMoveGenerators();
303    }
304    private void InitializeMoveGenerators() {
305      foreach (IPermutationInversionMoveOperator op in Operators.OfType<IPermutationInversionMoveOperator>()) {
306        if (op is IMoveGenerator) {
307          op.InversionMoveParameter.ActualNameChanged += new EventHandler(MoveGenerator_InversionMoveParameter_ActualNameChanged);
308        }
309      }
310      foreach (IPermutationTranslocationMoveOperator op in Operators.OfType<IPermutationTranslocationMoveOperator>()) {
311        if (op is IMoveGenerator) {
312          op.TranslocationMoveParameter.ActualNameChanged += new EventHandler(MoveGenerator_TranslocationMoveParameter_ActualNameChanged);
313        }
314      }
315    }
316    private void UpdateMoveEvaluators() {
317      operators.RemoveAll(x => x is ISingleObjectiveMoveEvaluator);
318      foreach (ITSPPathMoveEvaluator op in ApplicationManager.Manager.GetInstances<ITSPPathMoveEvaluator>())
319        if (op.EvaluatorType == Evaluator.GetType()) {
320          operators.Add(op);
321        }
322      ParameterizeOperators();
323      OnOperatorsChanged();
324    }
325    private void ParameterizeSolutionCreator() {
326      SolutionCreator.LengthParameter.Value = new IntValue(Coordinates.Rows);
327      SolutionCreator.PermutationTypeParameter.Value = new PermutationType(PermutationTypes.RelativeUndirected);
328    }
329    private void ParameterizeEvaluator() {
330      if (Evaluator is ITSPPathEvaluator)
331        ((ITSPPathEvaluator)Evaluator).PermutationParameter.ActualName = SolutionCreator.PermutationParameter.ActualName;
332      if (Evaluator is ITSPCoordinatesPathEvaluator) {
333        ITSPCoordinatesPathEvaluator evaluator = (ITSPCoordinatesPathEvaluator)Evaluator;
334        evaluator.CoordinatesParameter.ActualName = CoordinatesParameter.Name;
335        evaluator.DistanceMatrixParameter.ActualName = DistanceMatrixParameter.Name;
336        evaluator.UseDistanceMatrixParameter.ActualName = UseDistanceMatrixParameter.Name;
337      }
338    }
339    private void ParameterizeAnalyzers() {
340      if (BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer != null) {
341        BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer.QualityParameter.ActualName = Evaluator.QualityParameter.ActualName;
342        BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer.CoordinatesParameter.ActualName = CoordinatesParameter.Name;
343        BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer.PermutationParameter.ActualName = SolutionCreator.PermutationParameter.ActualName;
344        BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer.ResultsParameter.ActualName = "Results";
345        BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer.BestKnownQualityParameter.ActualName = BestKnownQualityParameter.Name;
346        BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer.BestKnownSolutionParameter.ActualName = BestKnownSolutionParameter.Name;
347        BestTSPSolutionAnalyzer.MaximizationParameter.ActualName = MaximizationParameter.Name;
348      }
349
350      if (TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer != null) {
351        TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer.MaximizationParameter.ActualName = MaximizationParameter.Name;
352        TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer.CoordinatesParameter.ActualName = CoordinatesParameter.Name;
353        TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer.DistanceMatrixParameter.ActualName = DistanceMatrixParameter.Name;
354        TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer.SolutionParameter.ActualName = SolutionCreator.PermutationParameter.ActualName;
355        TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer.QualityParameter.ActualName = Evaluator.QualityParameter.ActualName;
356        TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer.BestKnownSolutionParameter.ActualName = BestKnownSolutionParameter.Name;
357        TSPAlleleFrequencyAnalyzer.ResultsParameter.ActualName = "Results";
358      }
359
360      if (TSPPopulationDiversityAnalyzer != null) {
361        TSPPopulationDiversityAnalyzer.MaximizationParameter.ActualName = MaximizationParameter.Name;
362        TSPPopulationDiversityAnalyzer.SolutionParameter.ActualName = SolutionCreator.PermutationParameter.ActualName;
363        TSPPopulationDiversityAnalyzer.QualityParameter.ActualName = Evaluator.QualityParameter.ActualName;
364        TSPPopulationDiversityAnalyzer.ResultsParameter.ActualName = "Results";
365      }
366    }
367    private void ParameterizeOperators() {
368      foreach (IPermutationCrossover op in Operators.OfType<IPermutationCrossover>()) {
369        op.ParentsParameter.ActualName = SolutionCreator.PermutationParameter.ActualName;
370        op.ChildParameter.ActualName = SolutionCreator.PermutationParameter.ActualName;
371      }
372      foreach (IPermutationManipulator op in Operators.OfType<IPermutationManipulator>()) {
373        op.PermutationParameter.ActualName = SolutionCreator.PermutationParameter.ActualName;
374      }
375      foreach (IPermutationMoveOperator op in Operators.OfType<IPermutationMoveOperator>()) {
376        op.PermutationParameter.ActualName = SolutionCreator.PermutationParameter.ActualName;
377      }
378      foreach (ITSPPathMoveEvaluator op in Operators.OfType<ITSPPathMoveEvaluator>()) {
379        op.CoordinatesParameter.ActualName = CoordinatesParameter.Name;
380        op.DistanceMatrixParameter.ActualName = DistanceMatrixParameter.Name;
381        op.UseDistanceMatrixParameter.ActualName = UseDistanceMatrixParameter.Name;
382        op.QualityParameter.ActualName = Evaluator.QualityParameter.ActualName;
383        op.PermutationParameter.ActualName = SolutionCreator.PermutationParameter.ActualName;
384      }
385      string inversionMove = Operators.OfType<IMoveGenerator>().OfType<IPermutationInversionMoveOperator>().First().InversionMoveParameter.ActualName;
386      foreach (IPermutationInversionMoveOperator op in Operators.OfType<IPermutationInversionMoveOperator>())
387        op.InversionMoveParameter.ActualName = inversionMove;
388      string translocationMove = Operators.OfType<IMoveGenerator>().OfType<IPermutationTranslocationMoveOperator>().First().TranslocationMoveParameter.ActualName;
389      foreach (IPermutationTranslocationMoveOperator op in Operators.OfType<IPermutationTranslocationMoveOperator>())
390        op.TranslocationMoveParameter.ActualName = translocationMove;
391    }
392
393    private void ClearDistanceMatrix() {
394      DistanceMatrixParameter.Value = null;
395    }
396    #endregion
397
398    public void ImportFromTSPLIB(string tspFileName, string optimalTourFileName) {
399      TSPLIBParser tspParser = new TSPLIBParser(tspFileName);
400      tspParser.Parse();
401      Name = tspParser.Name + " TSP (imported from TSPLIB)";
402      if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(tspParser.Comment)) Description = tspParser.Comment;
403      Coordinates = new DoubleMatrix(tspParser.Vertices);
404      if (tspParser.WeightType == TSPLIBParser.TSPLIBEdgeWeightType.EUC_2D) {
405        TSPRoundedEuclideanPathEvaluator evaluator = new TSPRoundedEuclideanPathEvaluator();
406        evaluator.QualityParameter.ActualName = "TSPTourLength";
407        Evaluator = evaluator;
408      } else if (tspParser.WeightType == TSPLIBParser.TSPLIBEdgeWeightType.GEO) {
409        TSPGeoPathEvaluator evaluator = new TSPGeoPathEvaluator();
410        evaluator.QualityParameter.ActualName = "TSPTourLength";
411        Evaluator = evaluator;
412      }
413      BestKnownQuality = null;
414      BestKnownSolution = null;
415
416      if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(optimalTourFileName)) {
417        TSPLIBTourParser tourParser = new TSPLIBTourParser(optimalTourFileName);
418        tourParser.Parse();
419        if (tourParser.Tour.Length != Coordinates.Rows) throw new InvalidDataException("Length of optimal tour is not equal to number of cities.");
420        BestKnownSolution = new Permutation(PermutationTypes.RelativeUndirected, tourParser.Tour);
421      }
422      OnReset();
423    }
424    public void ImportFromTSPLIB(string tspFileName, string optimalTourFileName, double bestKnownQuality) {
425      ImportFromTSPLIB(tspFileName, optimalTourFileName);
426      BestKnownQuality = new DoubleValue(bestKnownQuality);
427    }
428  }
429}
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